Wednesday, June 20, 2012

Banteay Srei

We had lunch in a convenient open-air restaurant near the falls. Seeing that we looked like tourists (imagine that!) the staff were quick to bring a fan and position it so we would be comfortable. That gesture was much appreciated, as the temperatures had climbed to near 90 degrees and the humidity was higher.

After lunch we headed back down the mountain. We saw what we hope was a planned burning of the fields after harvest. If not, at least one structure was in danger.

Once out of the forest and crossing the agricultural area, we came across these boys doing what boys anywhere would do if they had a pond and a dugout canoe. There was a great deal of laughter and pointing to one of the boys who had foregone his pants for the adventure.

We soon arrived at another not-to-be-missed location.....Banteay Srei, a tenth century temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. Made primarily of red sandstone, Banteay Srei is small in comparison to the other Angkor sites we visited. Originally the temple was called Tribhuvanamahesvar, meaning "great lord of the threefold world." Sometime later, it was rededicated and renamed Banteay Srei, translated as "Citadel of the Women" or "Citadel of Beauty."

The complex was rediscovered in 1914, and restoration began in the 1930s. The buildings of the temple complex are covered with intricate carvings, some of which are shown below.

After another scrumptious meal and a much-appreciated night's sleep, we traveled by tuk-tuk to catch our van for the trip home. We may have thought we were "roughing it" in our open-air carriage and in the crowded van. However, if we looked in any direction, we saw others whose mode of transportation made ours seem luxurious.





Tuesday, June 19, 2012

1000 Lingas

After a full day in the Angkor Wat complex, we rose early the following morning for an excursion to the Kbal Spean, also known as the River of 1000 Lingas. We drove through Phnom Kulen, a nature preserve high atop the only hill in sight. The road was steep and winding, and the rainforest a tangle of vegetation. A few immense trees have survived the logging that has destroyed much of the forest, giving us some idea of what the area looked like during the Viet Nam war when the Ho Chi Minh trail traversed this wilderness. After a strenuous drive (bouncing around in the car as our driver tried to avoid the many gullies and potholes), we came to one of the access points for the River of 1000 Lingas. 

The lingas are symbols of the god Shiva and his powers of creation. They supposedly were meant to symbolically fertizile the sacred waters that flow from Phnom Kulen to the plain below. We were told that close to two kilometers of the stone stream bed has been sculpted with hundreds of these stone lingas or Hindu phallic carvings said to date back to the tenth century. 

Some of the carvings are just the lingas, or the male symbol.  Others incorporate the yoni or female form.  The first image above shows a number of recessed yonieach with a linga inside.  The one just above has a large yoni with a number of lingas inside it.  If you look closely at the image below, you can see the yoni just below the water's surface.  If it once held a linga, it has been broken off.


Alongside the river, we came upon this most interesting sign.  We weren't quite sure how to take it, but were careful not to "pass" on the carving.

Farther along the river there are more carvings, including images of Vishnu, Lakshmi, Brahma and other gods, serpents, etc.  We did not visit that part of the river, but hope to do so if we return. 

After leaving the river, we traveled a short distance to Prea Ang Tho, a 16th century Buddhist shrine popular with Cambodians.  The linga/yoni motif is present here, also.  Our guide, who introduced himself as "John Bryant," demonstrates to some tourists how one fills a dipper with water flowing from the sacred yoni, then pours it over the linga as an act of worship, or perhaps to ensure good fortune. 

The shrine is also a gathering place for beggars, who come by moto, pickup truck, "iron cow" or on foot to take their places on the steps.  Many are old or crippled,  but a number are mothers with young children.  It's a sobering reminder that Cambodia is still a very poor country and has not yet been able to provide adequately for many of the unfortunate among its citizens.

Prea Ang Tho features a giant reclining Buddha that rests atop a large boulder.  Unfortunately,  the only access is a steep, narrow stairway.  Since a line of worshippers  were waiting to ascend, we opted not to make the climb.  Instead, we admired the spectacular flowers, listened to musicians playing traditional instruments and browsed among the stalls filled with handicrafts and "medicinal" offerings, which often consisted of blood and body parts of forest animals.

Our next stop was a lovely waterfall that was obviously very popular with the local people.  All ages were enjoying the spot.  Young children and babies played in the swift stream in spite of the fact that only a few yards downstream the water rushed over another precipice to a pool 40 or so feet below!  But Cambodian children seem to have an instinct for self-preservation.  Not one came even close to tumbling over or had to be snatched away from disaster by a concerned parent.